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sp
sp화학성분
 
spa
spa차잎의 화학성분 구성 백분율

Compounds %
Dry weight
Contribution
Total Polyphenols
25 - 30
Astringency
Flavanols
 
(-) Epigallocatechin gallate
8 – 12
 
(-) Epicatechin gallate
3 – 6
 
(-) Epigallo catechin
3 – 6
 
(-) Epicatechin
1 – 3
 
(+) Catechin
1 – 2
 
(+) Gallocatechin
3 – 4
 
Flavonols and flavonol glycosides
3 – 4
 
Leuco anthocyanins
2 – 3
 
Polyphenolic acids and depsides
3 – 4
 
Caffeine
3 - 4
Briskness
Theobromine
0.2
 
Theophylline
0.5
 
Amino acids
4 – 5
Brothyness
Organic acids
0.5 – 0.6
 
Monosaccharides
4 – 5
 
Polysaccharides
14 - 22
 
Cellulose and Hemicellulose
4 – 7
 
Pectins
5 – 6
 
Lignin
5 – 6
 
Protein
14 – 17
 
Lipids
3 – 5
 
Chlorophylls and other pigments
0.5 - 0.6
Colour and Appearance
Ash (minerals)
5 – 6
 
Volatiles
0.01 – 0.02
Aroma

spa
spa아쌈종 Orthodox와 CTC 차잎의 평균화학성분구성
Composition
Orthodox teas
CTC teas
Water soluble solids %
39.52
41.12
Theaflavins %
0.59
1.30
Thearubigin %
6.5
18.00
Total Lipid
3.11
3.68
Carotenoids (µg/g)
215
176
Flavour volatilesd
18.40
8.20
Total fibre %
19.35
18.93
Crude fibre%
11.70
11.12
Chlorophyll a mg/g
1.38
0.48
Chlorophyll b mg/g
0.77
0.58
spa (Sum of total area of GC peaks compared to internal standard compounds)
spa
spa차의 색깔에 영향을 미치는 화학성분들
Compounds Colour
Theaflavins Yellowish brown
Thearubigins Reddish brown
Flavonol glycosides Light yellow
Pheophorbide Brownish
Pheophytin Blackish
Carotene Yellow
spa
spa차 맛에 영향을미치는 화학성분들
Compounds Taste
Polyphenol Astringent
Amino acids Brothy
Caffeine Bitter
Theaflavins Astringent
Thearubigin Ashy and slight astringent
spa
spa차 향에 영향을미치는 화학성분들
Compounds Flavour
Linalool, Linalool oxide Sweet
Geraniol, Phenylacetaldehyde Floral
Nerolidol, Benzaldehyde, Methyl salicylate, Phenyl ethanol Fruity
Trans-2-Hexenal, n-Hexanal, Cis-3-Hexenol, Grassy, b-Ionone Fresh flavour
spa
spa홍차의 차액에 포함된 주요성분들
Components
Concentration (g/100g)
Catechins
3
Theaflavins
3
Thearubigins
12
Flavanols
6
Phenolic acids and Depsides
10
Amino acids
13
Methylxanthines
8
Carbohydrates
10
Protein
0.8
Mineral matter
8
Volatiles
0.05
spa(Components measured in wt % of extract solids)
 

자료출처:Tea Research Association, Tocklai, Jorhat, Assam,India

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